Drinking Soda and Your Risk for Diabetes

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that there are 29.1 people in the USA with diabetes, or 9.3% of the population, and estimates that 8.1 million people have the disease but have not yet been diagnosed. A recent study of European adults revealed a significantly increased risk of diabetes for those who drink sugar-sweetened drinks such as soda, the L.A. Times reports. The research study evaluated the habits of more than 25,000 people in England, and raised a red flag regarding preventing diabetes and the dangers of drinking sodas as well as other sugar-sweetened drinks.

Drinking soda is a habit many people develop in their younger years, which continues into adulthood. Others may switch to milk and coffee sugar-sweetened drinks, which the study showed had an even higher risk. The added calories and sugar to a daily diet, in the study results, showed an increase of new cases of type 2 diabetes by 18%.

For those who have concerns about developing diabetes or other dangerous health conditions, monitoring your sugar intake is an important point. Watching the amount of sugar consumed daily appears to be a factor in avoiding developing diabetes.

The American Heart Association recommends limiting the level of sugar intake per day to 100 calories from sugar for women (6 teaspoons) and 150 calories from sugar (9 teaspoons) for men. One soda contains 132.5 sugar calories per serving – beyond the recommended limit for women and almost reaching it for men. When you add in any other sugar consumption, such as hidden sugars in many products such as cereal, bagels, yogurt and countless other foods, most Americans who are unaware of the risks are consuming far greater levels of sugar-based calories, and putting themselves at risk of developing diabetes, as well as other diseases.

Many people developed bad eating habits at an early age. Cravings for sugar can indicate that your body has a deficiency, according to The Daily Mail. For example, this source reports that craving chocolate could indicate that you have a magnesium deficiency, which could be solved by eating nuts, wholegrain breads and leafy greens. Craving sugar treats could mean you are deficient in chromium. Chromium is a mineral that works in conjunction with insulin in moving glucose from the blood into the cells. Eating or drinking sugar-laden foods make matters worse, as the body then produces even more insulin, with a “sugar-crash” occurring shortly thereafter. Chromium-rich foods include beef, chicken, carrots, broccoli, whole grains and eggs, among other healthy food choices. Train yourself to reach for something else if you find yourself craving soda or other sweet treat that could have a very negative impact on your health. Listen to your body – it is talking to you, and all you need to do is how to respond with the right foods so you don’t compromise your health.

How Your Past Can Affect Diabetes

Diabetes is a potentially life-threatening chronic medical condition that has received a lot of attention in recent years because it currently affects one out of every ten U.S. adults, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Recent research indicates that there may be risk factors previously unknown for Type 1 diabetes, which most commonly develops in children between the ages of 4 and 7 or 10 and 14, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Type 2 diabetes, formerly known as “adult onset diabetes,” is the form of the disease that has received the most attention. It has been linked to obesity and is considered preventable or manageable through life style changes — weight loss, exercise, diet, and medication. Researchers have recently determined that life events may affect the risk of Type 1 diabetes, as well.

Traumatic Life Events May Raise the Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

As reported in a recent article in Time Magazine, a study published in the journal Diabetologia revealed that children who experienced traumatic events, such as divorce of the parents, death in the family, accidents, or a move to a new home in early years had triple the risk of developing Type 1 diabetes. The study involved 10,495 families who had children born between 1997 and 1999. Researchers asked the families to participate in follow-up sessions when their children were between the ages of 2 and 14.

Previously known risk factors for Type 1 diabetes stated by the Mayo Clinic include genetics, family history, geography, and age. The clinic also names other possible risk factors that have not been proven, including exposure to certain viruses, low levels of vitamin D, exposure to cow’s milk early in life, cereal and gluten in a baby’s diet, drinking water containing nitrates, and preeclampsia during pregnancy. Scientists engaged in the study adjusted for known Type 1 risk factors in arriving at their conclusions.

The Time article speculates that certain children may be genetically predisposed to develop Type 1 diabetes but the genetic triggers are not activated until the children experience major stress or trauma, such as the loss of a loved one. According to the article, high stress levels may cause a boost in the hormone cortisol, which causes the beta cells to work harder and produce more insulin. The immune system may see the excess of insulin as harmful and proceed to attack and destroy the beta cells.

Family Support May Help Reduce the Risk of Disease

Stressful situations and difficulties are part of life. Accidents and deaths in the family are not always within our control. In some cases, divorce is the best solution, and a move to a new location may be in the best interests of the family. The Time article suggests that supporting families who help each other through life’s difficulties may make help young children stay healthier and give them a better chance of avoiding chronic diseases such as Type 1 diabetes.

The Correlation Between Diabetes And Exercise

Diabetes currently affects 29.1 million Americans. It is a disease which affects a person’s overall health and lifestyle. At the same time, a person suffering from diabetes can change their lifestyle, and take measures to improve their health and well-being. Exercise is one of those effective measures.

Diabetes: The Basics

When working properly, the human body derives its energy from food. In simple terms, this is done by converting glucose (blood sugar) into useable energy. The conversion is dependent upon insulin, the hormone produced by the pancreas gland.

With diabetes, the body either no longer produces the needed insulin, or does not produce adequate amounts to properly maintain the blood glucose levels.

Type I Diabetes (Insulin Dependent Diabetes) requires daily insulin injections to maintain the blood sugar level.

The condition in which the body continues to produce insulin but cannot use it effectively is identified as insulin resistance. The body cells cannot properly absorb the glucose, and blood glucose level builds-up. This can lead to pre-diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes, or Non-Insulin Dependent diabetes, is the condition in which the body continues to produce some insulin, but not adequate to sustaining the optimum blood sugar level.

Obesity, overweight, poor diet, high blood pressure and insufficient exercise have been identified as risk factors in the development of Type2 diabetes. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), exercise is an important part of managing diabetes.

Exercise and Diabetes

The first step in implementing an exercise program is to consult with your healthcare provider. You want to ensure the exercise program you have chosen is one that is safe for you. With that in place, the benefits derived from the correlation between exercise and diabetes can be experienced.

The NIH identifies the following ways in which exercise can help in managing diabetes:

  • Helps in managing weight
  • Can help lower blood sugar level without medication
  • Reduces the risk of heart disease
  • Reduces the risk of stress

The NIH suggests that a person may not see improvement in their health until he or she has been exercising for several months.

It is recommended that a person begin their exercise program with walking, starting with 5 to 10 minutes daily. This is especially important with individuals who are out-of-shape.

Fast walking is recommended, working-up to 30 to 45 minutes daily, for a minimum of 5 days per week. For those needing to lose weight, more exercise may be needed. Some may prefer participating in exercise classes, swimming, water aerobics or cycling rather than fast walking.

The NIH suggests some taking some safety precautions when exercising:

  • Inform exercise coaches or and partners that you have diabetes.
  • Wear a necklace or bracelet identifying you as a diabetic.
  • Carry emergency contact information and phone numbers on your person.

The NIH further recommends maintaining an exercise schedule to include exercising the same time each day at a consistent level for the same length of time. This facilitates control of the blood sugar level. It is also important to maintain adequate water consumption before, during and after exercise.

The benefits of exercising are many. An overall healthier lifestyle, reduced stress, reduced risk of heart disease, a more optimum body weight, and lowered blood cholesterol level are benefits over and above helping maintain blood glucose levels in the management of diabetes.

A Diabetes Drug May Help Obese Women Conceive And Have Healthier Children

Women who are suffering from obesity often have great difficulty in becoming pregnant. Many of these women choose to have infertility treatments to help them to conceive. Once the child or children are born, the children are much more prone to suffer from obesity themselves – a problem of great concern. A new diabetes drug that is currently in clinical trials may be the answer to this problem. Researchers who developed the new drug found that the problem originates in the mitochondria in the mother’s eggs.

What are Mitochondria?

Mitochondria are tiny compartments that are present in every cell in the body, and that perform many diverse and vital functions to keep the body healthy. One of the most critical functions is the conversion of the energy from food into energy that can be then be used by the cell. The mitochondria function almost like a miniature battery in cells, and when damaged, often self-destruct. The energy-making qualities of mitochondria is usually damaged in obese women, and this cell damage is also present in their eggs. The children are then born with damaged mitochondria, and a propensity for obesity, just like the mother.

Cellular stress can damage all parts of the body, including liver, pancreas and brain. A genetic mutation in the mice caused them to overeat and become obese. The scientists closely monitored the cell stress of these obese mice and whether the activity in the mitochondria was affected, as well as the eggs when used in IVF (in vitro fertilization). This led to the discovery that the mitochondria in the mice had been damaged. The mice born from these eggs also were found to have lower mitochondrial activity, and a higher propensity for obesity.

A new diabetes drug that is currently in clinical trials may have found a treatment for this problem. So far, the drug has proven to be effective when tested on obese mice, and showed lower levels of cellular stress and higher levels of mitochondrial activity. When the eggs of the obese mice treated with the drug (called BGP-15) were then fertilized and transferred to mouse “surrogate mothers,” they did not develop into overweight fetuses.

Both parents contribute DNA to a child, but the mitochondria from the mother’s eggs are the basis for the mitochondria developed in every cell in the child’s body. This diabetes drug may have shed a light on how obesity is passed onto children, and offer new hope to obese women hoping to conceive and have healthier children as well.

Sources:

A Diabetes Drug May Help Obese Women Conceive And Have Healthier Children Feb27

Tags

Related Posts

Share This

Women With Type 1 Diabetes ‘Twice As Likely’ As Men To Die From Heart Disease

Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas is unable to produce adequate levels of insulin to convert sugars, starches and other types of foods into energy. The disease is widespread in the USA, with about 15,000 children and 15,000 adults being diagnosed yearly. The biggest increase of cases of the disease is in children. A recent study conducted by researchers from the School of Public Health in Queensland, Australia, revealed that women with Type 1 diabetes had a 37% higher risk of death from any cause than men, and twice the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease, a 37% higher risk of stroke, and a 44% higher risk of dying from kidney disease than their male counterparts.

Type 1 diabetes is a serious condition, and is known to shorten the life expectancy of those who suffer from it. The reasons behind why women are far more likely to die of heart disease is not fully understood, and it may be years or decades before further research reveals the underlying reason for the greatly increased risk of death from heart disease and other conditions for women.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for women who have diabetes, and they are twice as likely to suffer from a second heart attack as well as four times more likely to have heart failure than women without the disease. There are various risky behaviors that if avoided, can assist in reducing the risk, including the following:

  • No Smoking

  • Keep Blood Pressure in a Healthy Range

  • Stay at a Healthy Weight for Your Height

  • Exercise on a Regular Basis

  • Consume a Low-Fat Diet

  • Manage Diabetes Correctly

  • Know Your Family History

  • Stay Alert for Chest Pain or Other Symptoms

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that there are 24.6 million adults with diabetes in 2010, and 12.6 million of these adults were women. As heart disease is known to be the most common complication associated with diabetes, it is not the sole problem that women suffering from the disease face. They are also at far higher risk of blindness, and have a much shorter life expectancy, with death rates three times higher than women who do not have diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is most often diagnosed in children or young adults, but can also be found in persons of any age. It is an autoimmune disease that is believed to be caused by various factors, including genetic propensity, environmental issues or other unidentified factors. There is currently no method by which the disease can be prevented, and treatment will require the use of insulin. The disease is rampant, and the CDC reports that there are 21.0 million people suffering from some form of diabetes, and it estimates that there are currently 8.1 million people who have the disease have not yet been diagnosed. See your doctor and focus on living a healthy lifestyle. As the cause of the disease is unknown, this may be beneficial in avoiding it. If you have been diagnosed, carefully follow the advice of your doctor to reduce your chances heart disease as a complication.

Sources: